This is part 2 of the Information Technology Transformation series, describing the creation of the “A-Team” / Architecture Office and the associated Architecture Review process.
This is a six part series describing Information Technology Transformation within a struggling company:
- IT Transformation – Part 1 – The 90-Day Plan
- IT Transformation – Part 2 – The “A-Team”
- IT Transformation – Part 3 – The Baseline
- IT Transformation – Part 4 – The Target Architecture
- IT Transformation – Part 5 – The Five Year Strategy
- IT Transformation – Part 6 – Communication
This is the group of people that you will lead and who will collaborate with the entire organisation to be the agents of change and transformation.
The term “A-Team” has many connotations:
- “A” for “Architecture” Team / “Architecture” Office
- The “number one” team
- Reference to the popular 80’s TV series about a group of “good Samaritan” Vietnam “vets”
The Architecture Office or the “A-Team” is the focal point for success. They are responsible for:
- Providing the “Technical Champions” for fixing Priority Operational issues (covered in Part 1)
- Performing the Architecture Reviews of all new Projects and major changes being initiated by the organisation (covered below)
- Maintaining the Baseline documents and diagrams that describe the current “As Is” Enterprise solutions (covered in Part 3).
- Maintaining the Target / Reference Architecture (covered in Part 4)
- Providing the “Technical Champions” and Project Management for Priority Projects that have no “owner” (covered in Part 5)
- Communicating the Target Architecture, 5 Year Strategy and Architecture Review process to the rest of the organisation (covered in Part 6).
Note that the delta between the “Baseline” and the “Target Architecture” is captured in the “5 Year Strategy”. The strategy is about transforming from what you are now (“As Is”) to what you want to be (“Target”).
Who Should I Hire?
The fact that you have been engaged to “fix” things, is an indicator that your new company probably does not have the right skills you need. Depending upon the size of the organisation, you are going to need a team (three to ten people) of trusted, multi-silo expert architects to work with you in transformation. If you try to do it all yourself, you will burn out and fail.
You may be able to utilise existing resources from within the IT Division, but odds are you will have to bring in new blood. So choose your team carefully and be prepared to pay way above market rates for their services. Your future success depends upon it!
Characteristics of each “A-Team” member:
- “Can-do” attitude – when given a difficult task, does not whine about how tough it will be, just makes it happen.
- “Fire and Forget” – can take a task and complete it without needing to be micro-managed. Only comes to you for the escalation of blocking issues that cannot be resolved or to report task completion.
- Incredibly high level of productive output – what takes most people one day, can complete within one hour.
- Does not wait to be asked to fix problem areas.
- Punctual – turns up to work on time, does not slack and attends meetings on time.
- Possibly ADHD – always hungry to learn new things, enjoys change.
- Is a “Trailblazer” – always “pushes the envelope” and is not afraid to lead the way so that other people can follow.
- “Breadth and Depth” – has deep technical knowledge across multiple technology silos.
- Has Project Management skills – superior time management / people skills and can lead a project to completion.
- Is an Enterprise Administrator who can work with any technology – is able to figure things out on the fly.
- Is an Enterprise Architect who can provide logical designs for any technology across the entire Enterprise stack.
- Understands “Organisation”, “IT Operations” and “IT Governance”.
- Is a Subject Matter Expert (SME) for five or six vendor technologies.
- Good Communicator – is able to listen and collect information and explain complicated concepts.
- Public Speaker – is able to speak in public and present technical concepts and methodologies.
- Enjoys Mentoring – has no problem sharing knowledge and helping other people grow.
What Skills Do I Need?
In addition to the characteristics described above, each member will need skills in the following areas:
- Backup / Recovery / Archive
- Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery
- Cloud Automation and Orchestration
- End User Computing / Virtual Desktop Infrastructure
- Management and Monitoring
- IT Governance
- IT Operations
- Systems Integration
- Information Security
- Information Management
- Project Management
Which translates into the following common position titles:
- Server Virtualisation Architect
- Storage Architect / Storage Virtualisation Architect
- Disaster Recovery and Archive Architect / Data Protection Architect
- Network Architect / Network Virtualisation Architect
- Information Security Architect
- Solutions Architect / Application and System Integration Architect
- Information Architect / Database Architect
- Business Analyst / Business Architect
- Cloud Architect
- End User Computing Architect / VDI Architect
Your Architecture Office Organisation Chart will look like this:
Finding people with all of these characteristics and skills is very difficult, so you will have select people who complement each other, so that as a team, every skill is covered.
Cross-pollinating within the team is very important to ensure that your team members are “T-Skilling”. This ensures that each team member is continuing to learn and evolve over time and promotes the development of “Super Architects” and “Super Administrators”.
You now have a highly skilled team in place and you need to retain that pool of talent by recognising individual achievements and providing incentives and rewards for exceptional performance. Depending upon the individual, that can be in the form of salary increases, bonuses, public recognition within the company, advanced training, attending conferences etc. Keep your people happy and content, it naturally increases productivity and breeds success.
What is the Architecture Review Process?
It is imperative that you implement the “Architecture Review Process” to take control of any new projects or major changes that are being planned. This will ensure that things will be consistent and predictable across the entire Enterprise where each silo complies with the Target Architecture.
The “Architecture Review Process” has the following steps:
- Project Owner of the new project or major change submits the Proposed Architecture Design to the Architecture Office.
- The Architecture Office reviews the Proposed Architecture Design and any supporting documentation against the Target Architecture.
- If the Proposed Architecture Design does not comply with the Target Architecture, it is returned to the Project Owner for correction.
- If the Proposed Architecture Design complies with the Target Architecture, it is declared Architecture Office Certified and the project can proceed to the implementation phase.
- New Company, New Job: Empty Your Cup
- Rise of the Super Architect
- Evolution of the Super Administrator
- Enterprise Architecture – Do you have one?
- Promoting Cloud Automation within your Organisation
- Data Center Facility Strategy
- Evolution of Storage – What is your strategy?
- vBrownbag TechTalk at VMworld 2014 US – “Application Transformations”
One thought on “IT Transformation – Part 2 – The “A-Team””
Great post Rene! Definitely on the same page here.
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